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职场个人兴趣培养可以从哪些方面入手?
2018-10-18 16:37:59
职业兴趣是一个人对待工作的态度,对工作的适应能力,表现为有从事相关工作的愿望和兴趣,拥有职业兴趣将增加个人的工作满意度、职业稳定性和职业成就感。知遇网根据颇具权威的霍兰德职业兴趣分类方法,将职业兴趣分为六种类型:常规型、艺术型、实践型、研究型、社会型、管理型。
Vocational interest is a person's attitude toward work, the ability to adapt to work, as shown by the desire and interest to engage in related work, occupational interest will increase personal job satisfaction, occupational stability and sense of professional achievement. According to Holland's authoritative classification method of professional interests, Knowledgemet. com classifies professional interests into six types: conventional, artistic, practical, research, social and managerial.
职业兴趣是以一定的素质为前提,在生涯实践过程中逐渐发生和发展起来的。它的形成与个人的个性、自身能力、实践活动、客观环境和所处的历史条件有着密切的关系,因此,职业规划对兴趣的探讨不能孤立进行,应当结合个人的、家庭的、社会的因素来考虑。了解这些因素,有利于深入认识自己,进行职业规划。
Vocational interest is based on a certain quality as a prerequisite, in the process of career practice gradually occurred and developed. Its formation is closely related to individual personality, self-ability, practical activities, objective environment and historical conditions. Therefore, the exploration of interest in career planning can not be carried out in isolation, but should be considered in combination with individual, family and social factors. Understanding these factors is conducive to a better understanding of themselves and career planning.
1、个人需要和个性
1, personal needs and personality
但不管人的兴趣是什么,都是以需要为前提和基础的,人们需要什么也就会对什么产生兴趣。由于人们的需要包括生理需要和社会需要或物质需要和精神需要,因此人的兴趣也同样表现在这两个方面。人的生理需要或物质需要一般来说是暂时的,容易满足。例如,人对某一种食物、衣服感兴趣,吃饱了、穿上了也就满足了;而人的社会需要或精神需要却是持久的、稳定的、不断增长的,例如人际交往、对文学和艺术的兴趣、对社会生活的参与则是长期的、终生的,并且不断追求的。兴趣是在需要的基础上产生的,也是在需要的基础上发展的。

But no matter what people's interests are, they are all based on needs, and people will be interested in what they need. Because people's needs include physical needs and social needs or material needs and spiritual needs, people's interests are also expressed in these two aspects. Human physiological needs or material needs are generally temporary and easy to satisfy. For example, when a person is interested in a particular food or clothing, he or she will be satisfied if he or she eats and wears it; while his social or spiritual needs are permanent, stable and growing, such as interpersonal communication, interest in literature and art, and participation in social life are long-term, lifelong and constantly pursued. Yes. Interest is generated on the basis of needs and developed on the basis of needs.

山东猎头公司

有的人兴趣和爱好的品味比较高,有的人兴趣和爱好的品味比较低,兴趣和爱好品味的高低会受一个人的个性特征优劣的影响。例如,一个人个性品质的高雅,会对公益活动感兴趣,乐于助人,对高雅的音乐、美术有兴趣;反之,一个人个性的低级,会对占小便宜感兴趣,对低级、庸俗的文艺作品有兴趣。
Some people have higher tastes of interest and hobbies, others have lower tastes of interest and hobbies. The level of interest and tastes of hobbies will be influenced by one's personality characteristics. For example, a person's elegant personality will be interested in public welfare activities, willing to help others, interested in elegant music, art; on the contrary, a person's low personality, will be interested in taking advantage of small, vulgar literary and artistic works of interest.
2、个人认识和情感
2, personal knowledge and emotion
兴趣不足是和个人的认识和情感密切联系着的。如果一个人对某项事物没有认识,也就不会产生情感,因而也就不会对它发生兴趣。同样,如果一个人缺乏某种职业知识,或者根本不了解这种职业,那么他就不可能对这种职业感兴趣,在职业规划时想不到。相反,认识越深刻,情感越丰富,兴趣也就越深厚。
Lack of interest is closely related to personal knowledge and emotion. If a person does not know something, he will not have emotions, and therefore will not be interested in it. Similarly, if a person lacks some kind of professional knowledge, or does not understand the profession at all, then he can not be interested in the profession, in career planning did not expect. On the contrary, the more profound the cognition, the richer the emotion, the deeper the interest.
3、家庭环境
3. Family environment
家庭作为更基本的社会单元,对每个人的心理发展都产生重要的影响,因此个人职业心理发展具有很强的社会化特征,家庭环境的熏陶对其职业兴趣的形成具有十分明显的导向作用。大多数人从幼年起就在家庭的环境中感受其父母的职业活动,随着年龄的增长,逐步形成自己对职业价值的认识,使得个在选择职业时,不可避免地带有家庭教育的印迹。家庭因素对职业取向的影响,主要体现在择业趋同性与协商性等方面。
As the most basic social unit, the family has an important impact on the psychological development of everyone, so the development of personal professional psychology has a strong social characteristics, the influence of family environment on the formation of their professional interests has a very obvious guiding role. Most people feel their parents'professional activities in the family environment from childhood. With the growth of their age, they gradually form their own understanding of the value of their profession, which inevitably brings the imprint of family education when choosing a career. The influence of family factors on career orientation is mainly reflected in the convergence of jobs and negotiation.
一般情况下,个人对于家庭成员特别是长辈的职业比较熟悉,在职业规划和职业选择上产生一定的趋同性影响,同时受家庭群体职业活动的影响,个人的生涯决策或多或少产生于家庭成员共同协商的基础上。兴趣有时也受遗传的影响,父母的兴趣也会对孩子有直接的影响。
Generally speaking, individuals are familiar with the career of family members, especially the elders, which has a certain convergence effect on career planning and career choices. At the same time, individual career decision-making is more or less based on family members'common consultation. Interest is sometimes influenced by heredity, and parents' interests will have a direct impact on children.
4、受教育程度
4. Education level
个人自身接受教育的程度是影响其职业兴趣的重要因素。任何一种社会职业从客观上对从业人员都有知识与技能等方面的要求,而个人本人的知识与技能水平的高低在很大程度上取决于其受教育的程度。一般意义上,个人学历层次越高,接受职业培训范围越广,其职业取向领域就越宽。
The degree of personal education is an important factor affecting their vocational interest. Any social occupation objectively demands knowledge and skills of employees, and the level of individual knowledge and skills depends to a great extent on the degree of education. Generally speaking, the higher the educational level, the wider the scope of Vocational training, the wider the field of career orientation.
5、社会因素
5, social factors
一方面,社会舆论对个人职业兴趣的影响主要体现在政府政策导向、传统文化、社会时尚等方面。政府就业政策的宣传是主导的影响因素,传统的就业观念和就业模式也往往制约个人的职业选择,而社会时尚职业则始终是个人特别是青年人追求的目标。如当前计算机技术和旅游事业都得到较大发展,对这两个职业有兴趣的人也增加得很快。
On the one hand, the influence of public opinion on personal professional interests is mainly reflected in government policy orientation, traditional culture, social fashion and so on. The propaganda of the government's employment policy is the dominant factor, and the traditional employment concept and employment mode often restrict the individual's career choice, while the social fashion career is always the goal pursued by individuals, especially young people. For example, computer technology and tourism have been greatly developed, and the number of people interested in these two professions has increased rapidly.
另一方面,兴趣和爱好是受社会性制约的,不同的环境、不同的职业、不同的文化层次的人,兴趣和爱好都不一样。
On the other hand, interests and hobbies are restricted by society. People of different environments, occupations and cultural levels have different interests and hobbies.
6、职业需求
6, career needs
职业需求是一定时期内用人单位可提供的不同职业岗位对从业人员的总需求量,它是影响个人职业兴趣的客观因素。职业需求越多、类别越广,个人选择职业的余地就越大。职业需求对个人的职业兴趣具有一定的导向性,在一定条件下,它可强化个人的职业选择,或抑制个人不切实际的职业取向,也可引导个人产生新的职业取向。
Career demand is the total demand of employees for different occupational positions provided by employers in a certain period of time. It is an objective factor affecting personal professional interest. The more career demands and the wider categories, the greater the room for individuals to choose careers. Career needs have certain orientation to individual's career interest. Under certain conditions, it can strengthen individual's career choice, restrain individual's unrealistic career orientation, and guide individual to produce new career orientation.
更后,年龄的变化和时代的变化也会对人的兴趣产生直接影响。就年龄方面来说,少儿时期往往对图画、歌舞感兴趣,青年时期对一文学、艺术感兴趣,成年时期往往对某种职业、某种土作感兴趣。它反映了一个人兴趣的中心随着年龄的增长、知识的积累在转移。就时代来讲,不同的时代,不同的物质和文化条件,也会对人兴趣的变化产生很大的影响。
Finally, changes in age and changes in the age will also have a direct impact on people's interests. In terms of age, children are often interested in painting, singing and dancing, youth is interested in literature, art, adulthood is often interested in a certain profession, a certain kind of native works. It reflects that the center of a person's interest shifts with age and knowledge accumulation. In terms of the times, different times, different material and cultural conditions, will also have a great impact on the changes in people's interests.
以上因素对每个人的影响都不同,需要在职业规划中予以考虑。本文内容来源:山东猎头公司,想要了解更多的相关资讯请点击:http://www.shandonglietou.com
The above factors have different effects on everyone and need to be considered in career planning. Source: Shandong Headhunting Company, for more information, please click: http://www.shandonglietou.com.